Background subtraction: neural and neuro-fuzzy methods

Performance map

BenchmarkNeural

Adaptive SOM of Maddalena and Petrosino (2008) paper link

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Detection of moving objects in video streams is the first relevant step of information extraction in many computer vision applications. Aside from the intrinsic usefulness of being able to segment video streams into moving and background components, detecting moving objects provides a focus of attention for recognition, classification, and activity analysis, making these later steps more efficient. We propose an approach based on self organization through artificial neural networks, widely applied in human image processing systems and more generally in cognitive science. The proposed approach can handle scenes containing moving backgrounds, gradual illumination variations and camouflage, has no bootstrapping limitations, can include into the background model shadows cast by moving objects, and achieves robust detection for different types of videos taken with stationary cameras. We compare our method with other modeling techniques and report experimental results, both in terms of detection accuracy and in terms of processing speed, for color video sequences that represent typical situations critical for video surveillance systems.

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Fuzzy Adaptive SOM of Maddalena and Petrosino (2010) paper link

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The detection of moving objects from stationary cameras is usually approached by background subtraction, i.e. by constructing and maintaining an up-to-date model of the background and detecting moving objects as those that deviate from such a model. We adopt a previously proposed approach to background subtraction based on self-organization through artificial neural networks, that has been shown to well cope with several of the well known issues for background maintenance. Here, we propose a spatial coherence variant to such approach to enhance robustness against false detections and formulate a fuzzy model to deal with decision problems typically arising when crisp settings are involved. We show through experimental results and comparisons that higher accuracy values can be reached for color video sequences that represent typical situations critical for moving object detection.

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These algorithms are contained in the bgslibrary by Andrews Sobral, that includes over 30 background subtraction algorithms, a common C++ framework for comparing them, and an handy C++/MFC or Java app to see them running on video files or live feed from a webcam.

Return to the list of background subtraction algorithms

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